Monday, January 8, 2018

I am making peanut butter
told by Vidheha Ranjan
4 January 2018

Peanut butter is among Vidheha's favorite food. Sometimes she eats peanut butter on bread and sometimes she just wants a spoonful of peanut butter. We had made different types of jam. We had made mayonnaise. Now we wanted to make peanut butter. 

First we went to the shop and bought peanuts. We went in the evening to buy peanuts. We made peanut butter the next day. Everybody sat around. 

It was Anita didi’s birthday. We were making birthday cards when Baba called me and my friends. We sat around. The electric oven was brought to the big room. We watched video on how to make peanut butter. 

All the peanut that we had bought was brought inside. The peanut was roasted in the electric oven. The oven was white. The tray was black.

Baba and Maiju and I and Anita didi and all of us roasted the peanut. Then we readied everything. Peanuts, cake, candy, sugar, salt and oil was ready. Utu dada had made Anita didi’s face cake on the poster. Eena didi, Megshya didi and others had helped. 

Sabita didi brought the grinder and peanuts were put in the grinder. The peanut became creamy and it was put in the jar. We did this four times. Then the grinder broke. However, the peanut butter was ready.

The next day we ate the peanut butter on bread. I like peanut butter. We all ate peanut butter. I like to eat peanut butter off the spoon.

I liked the taste.

- 0 -

Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Muna Madan: a Synopsis
by Eena Shrestha
21 December 2017, Thursday

Over a month, we sang through Muna Madan at school. The Nepali version as well as the version translated into English by Pallav sir. This section contains a synopsis of the story. We will visit our emotional responses, our literary responses and our learning over the weeks as the plan is to reread the book again. 

Muna Madan is a Nepali story that is about a newly wedded couple who were poor. They couldn’t afford milk for Madan’s mother, pretty bangles for Muna’s wrists and Madan left for Lhasa to earn the money. Muna pleaded him not to go, “What will we do with gold?” she asked him, “I don’t need pretty bangles. We can grow, harvest and eat food right here, we have shelter. All we need is right here, but if you leave not everything will be here anymore.”

“Muna, I want to see pretty bangles on your wrists, I want finish my mother’s dream to build a shelter for travellers, a drinking tap for others to drink water from,” Madan says with determination, “Don’t put a barrier of tears on my way, don’t cry, I promise I’ll be back in 20 days.”

Madan leaves, he travels to Lhasa, but he doesn’t return in 20 days, he forgets about his 20 days on the road. He stays in Lhasa for months not thinking about home and his promises to Muna.

Back home, Muna and Madan’s mother await, to see him again, to hug him and to talk to him. Time passes and they are still waiting for his arrival, Madan then awakes and remembers Muna, his mother, his promise, and home.

He starts heading home with some friends that he made in Lhasa that are from where his city. On the way back he gets sick with cholera so his friends abandon him there in the forest.

A Tibetan sees Madan and carries Madan back to his home. The Tibetan cures Madan, Madan is sad and wants to head home. Seeing the Tibetan’s children play and laugh together makes him very happy so he was very, very  sad to leave. He offers the Tibetan half the gold he has, but the Tibetan declines and asks him “What will I do with gold? My children can’t wear it for warmth. We can’t plant it and eat it.”

“What can I give you in return for curing me?” Madan asks.

“It was just chance, you can’t give me anything.” the Tibetan says, “You can only promise me that you will tell your friends and family about me.”

“I will tell everyone about you and how you saved my life!” Madan shouts and waves goodbye to them as he leaves the Tibetan’s house.

Back home Madan’s mother is on the edge of death and news of Madan’s death has reached home, but little did they know that Madan was alright and coming home. Muna has already left the surface of earth and gone above the clouds.

Madan journeys back home eventually with two bags of gold and finds that his mother is dying in her bed and Muna isn’t there. Madan places the two bags of gold at the end of his mother's bed and says, “I’ve brought the gold where do you want to build shelter and a water tap for homeless point where and we will build it there.”

His mother points in a direction just before she passes away. At her funeral Madan asks his sister where Muna had gone. His sister said “Muna was upon this earth, at her parents’ home. She blinked with the stars, laughed with the flowers, cried with the dew, and spoke with the blackbird.”

“Sister tell me that she is only at her parents’ home and not dead.” Madan says meaningfully.

“She is in the city above the clouds in the city that is filled with light, she is picking flowers of happiness up there.” His sister tells him.

“Muna, my love I will come see you!” Madan calls to the clouds.

“Brother of mine don’t worry we will all go there someday.” His sister assures him.

“Fulfill our mother’s dream for me and her.” He asks her.

Madan’s sister finds Madan’s body in his bed.

Tuesday, December 26, 2017

Our Pet, the Praying Mantis
by Utkrishta Mulmi 

Scientific name: Mantodea
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Order: Mantodea
Class: Insecta

Pallav sir found a praying mantis near the Pulchowk Engineering Campus. There is a jungle there and Pallav sir saw a female praying mantis. Along with different types of insects, there are snakes, birds including family of parrots, and other animals and insects there.

We learned it was a female mantis because they are big and are cannibalistic while male mantises are smaller and mostly not cannibal. Praying mantis fold their front legs like they are praying. Their life span is a year.

Of course, because it was such a fine sample, we decided to keep it as a pet. Over the next five to six months, we learned a lot. We learned about how they behave, what to feed them, how to take care of them and more about their lives.

Mantises are an order of insects that contains more than 2,400 species. Mantises are insects that can be found all around the world in forest or bushy places. They have triangular heads with 2 big and 3 small eyes. According to Amulya Pradhan, our four year old, “I really liked its green eyes and its body colour. Sometimes its eyes would turn purple.”

Well, not exactly purple, but like all mantises, they have the ability to adapt to their background and the eyes would sometimes turn dark and black and sometimes lemon green!

They have a flexible neck that can turn 180 degrees. Their elongated bodies can have or cannot have wings but all Mantises have scythe like front legs that are very large and used to catch its prey.

That evening, because our ecosystem was not ready, we put it in a cardboard box. Since it had not interacted with humans it was aggressive, only Pallav sir could hold it and it would still try and bite him. Whenever we let it out it would fly towards the windows and we were worried that it would injure itself on the hard glass surface. We kept them all windows closed.

It was time to go home. The next morning all of went running to see the praying mantis first thing to see if it was there, if it was all right. We got out our ecosystem bowl. We had Amata Hubeneri moths in there before and had successfully though surprisingly been able to convert the caterpillars into moth (read a different blog on this).

Now that all the Amata Hubeneri moths had flown away, the bowl had been empty for a couple of weeks and it was perfect to create a praying mantis ecosystem there. We filled it with leaves and twigs for it to move around in. We looked at YouTube videos and research the ecosystems of the praying mantis and tried to do the best job possible.

According to our Shila Shrestha, “We would look for leaves. We would collect avocado leaves and mango leaves in the playground. We would climb up the play system and on to the roof of the store room and pick the leaves. Since we moved to the new place in Jawalakhel, we have been collecting leaves from the plants. We changed the leaves two times a month at least or sooner so the eco-system is fresh and has good moisture.

“We would take the praying mantis out and let it play and exercise as we refreshed and cleaned its living area inside the glass bowl. We would cover the bowl with cellophane wrap and poke some holes in it so it there would be air flow. Sometimes, if the leaves dried out too fast, we would sprinkle water inside.”

Before we knew what to feed it we gave it some rice as we had seen one Chinese man feed his mantis. She did not like it and the day passed. We tried again and started getting desperate around day 3. Our mantis just would NOT eat.

Then we had to do some more research and found that they eat cockroaches live. The drains of the house in Chakupat had a lot of cockroaches. We were able to seek out and catch one and Pallav sir put it near the praying mantis and after a couple of tries, she attacked it very fast and ate it.

We were so happy. Over the months, we gave it caterpillars, cockroaches, earthworm, flies, bees and it ate all of those. When we tried giving it dead insects, sometimes, she would not feed. We learned she only ate insects that she hunted down on her own. Since she was an adult, she did not molt.

She started to get fatter and fatter and we found out that we only need to feed her 3 times a week and let her out of her bowl to jump around and get exercise. One day I broke the jar while putting its food for it. We taped it up so that it would not walk out and fly away.

She was a beautiful green with lovely green eyes. She would turn around and look at us when we went near. As the days went by we grew friendlier and less scared of the praying mantis and so did she. When we first got ger nobody would go close to her. Now we would let her crawl all over our bodies and not be scared it would bite us. She became our pet.

She would jump from one hand to another, climb up our arms and back and even go walking about in the hair. Especially Vidheha liked to let her out and take care of her and have her walking about her body. Anita also was not all that afraid. We would have classes in which we would get roaches, earthworms and let her out and practice our photography and observation skills.

We then moved to a new building where roaches, worms, and insects were few. One day, because we were having difficultly feeding her, Pallav sir brought back 13 caterpillars in a little plastic container. We put them in thinking she would eat as she got hungry.

However, it did not work that way. She over ate and had finished 5 by morning and was very very full. We were worried. She needed to work off the food so we let her out and left her to wander around in the night.

Unfortunately, it seems that she jumped from the window screen on to the floor and we found her in the morning with one front leg injured and turning black. She could not move that leg when she walked and she was again angry and would not let us near her. When Pallav sir picked her up to put her in the eco-system bowl, she tried to bite him which she had not done for many months.

We hoped that she would work off her injury but two days later, but six months since we had her, we found her dead on the floor under the cloth of that covered the table of our classroom.

We felt bad and we miss the praying mantis. But we had for six month of her year-long life so that was pretty good I think. I learned a lot from her life.

Monday, December 25, 2017

Surface Pressure
by Eena Shrestha
20 December 2017, Wednesday

On 23 October 2017 we worked on experiment on Surface or Water Pressure.

We needed a plastic bottle, tape, water, a measuring tape, and scissors.

This time around, we first wrote down all materials we would need and the procedure that we would follow. Sushant sir was helping us.

First, we made 3 small holes vertically measuring the distance. Then we closed the holes with tape.

All of us had to write and draw, including the small ones who are now 4 but getting the hang of taking notes and making illustrations.

We filled the bottle up to the top with water. After an orientation, we removed the pieces of tape off the bottle.

Our attempt failed because the bottle that we chose was leaky. Then we got a better hang of things, got a better not leaky bottle and repeated the process again.

The end result was that the water from the lowest hole went a little bit further away from the bottle. The water from the highest hole was flowing closest to the.

Therefore our conclusion was that water pressure depended on the height between the surface of the water.

Alien Invasion SUM 1
By Utkrishta Mulmi
Directed and written by Christian Pasquariell; Starring Iwan Rheon, André M. Hennicke, Reiner Weiner, Zoe Grisedale, Niels-Bruno Schmidt; Runtime 93 minutes.

We watched a pretty scary movie called “Alien Invasion SUM 1.” The movie was so scary that it made Eena sleep. She is silly and the fact that she slept proves it. Even though the movies was scary, it was great and I hope you enjoy reading this review. 

I felt like it was more interesting. It was about aliens Nonesuch attack earth and everyone has to evacuate and go down underground and only soldiers come on the surface. A soldier whose name is SUM 1 comes on the surface to a watchtower to replace another soldier who was evacuated.

The movie shows the same images often (putting Eena to sleep) but manages to keep them interesting. He finds a white mouse and names it Doc and talks to him like it is a person. 

The story gets more and more scary as he finds out that he is not alone. He tries to approach a neighbouring tower to learn more. The neighbour ignores him and he cannot get closer because he has an implant that does not allow him to go beyond a certain radius.

This is where Eena is up again.

However, the neighbour later gets in contact with him and he tells him a story about the Nonesuch and says it can emit sounds that make your ears bleed and mind go crazy leaving victims screaming and very disturbed. 

He says, his friend cut off his own ears because he cannot suffer the sound. SUM 1 has to be on duty, solitary, for 100 days however, he starts seeing and believing that the stories that he has been told are all false and there are no aliens. There is something very wrong going on.

He decides to break the defence circle believing that there are no nonesuch. However, he finds out that nonesuch are for real. He hides in the neighbouring tower and that is where the movie leaves us. 

We do not know if SUM 1 gets eaten or if he manages to kill the alien. I’d give the movie a solid 10/10 even though it gave me da chills right dauwn me spine.

Eena would give the movie 9/10. The minus 1 is because it sent her to sleep. The 9 is because she had never stayed up so late watching movies.

Sunday, December 24, 2017

Ten Little Fingers and Ten Little Toes
A Book Review by Vidheha Ranjan

Utu's feet have ten toes, yes! And what did he do to his socks? We are sure his mum will be smiling.

When I was so so small, I had a happy birthday. I became two years old, I am told. For my birthday I was given a book by Baba and Mamu. Baba read it out to me. I enjoy reading with my Baba.

Now I can read the book on my own. I am four years old.

In a town there is a baby, the baby grows in a house. The baby has a mother. There is the Himal. There is so much water. There is a street colored red. There are green rocks and black rocks. Another baby comes and grows with her mother.

Both babies play with their toes and their fingers. One goes walking and the other shows us her fingers and goes, “Ten little fingers and ten little toes.”

Now there are three babies, the new one is in the town and there is another one yet. All so far are in a town. They show us ten little fingers and ten little toes.

The babies are growing. The four are together. Two of them are growing up together and they are friends. They are hugging in a sleeping bag. The other two are in another town. They are so cute.

The babies are of different color. One is black and has black hair. Another one is white and her hair is white. Then there is one that has very small eyes with black hair and white skin. The other one has orange hair.

They show us their ten little fingers and ten little toes.

In a picture we see another baby and there are sheep and sheep and sheep and sheep and sheep. There is grass and grass and grass and grass. On another page is a baby taking medicine. The baby is wearing striped pajamas. He is on his knees.

The baby has a runny nose. One baby is wiping her friend’s nose. Four babies are watching the two babies.

Now the babies are playing in a playpen. They are showing ten little fingers. Now they are lying down and showing their ten toes. The babies are enjoying the game. There is a toy dog and there is a toy duck.

Here is another little baby who is born on the ice. It is snowing and there is a little penguin. There are mountains. Baby is wearing gloves and scarf because it is so cold.

There is a new baby and three chickens and the baby is watching the chickens. It is sunny and the baby lives and grows in the tent. I like the ice and the tent.

There are eight babies in total now. Two babies are playing with the scarf. Others are sitting on the stairs and watching them.

The babies are now playing on the swings. The ice baby is showing his hands. The brown baby is showing his feet.

One baby is on mother’s lap and the mother is on the couch. The couch is red.

There are eight babies now. Wait a minute ok. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven… yes eight.

They are standing in a line and they are looking at the new baby. The baby is not wearing clothes. The baby is sitting on the mother’s lap and mother is sitting on the couch.

And the baby has ten little fingers. The mother is giving baby a bath and playing with the baby. She is tickling her feet. The baby has ten little toes.

Now the eight babies are playing and laughing and smiling and mother is kissing the baby on the tip of his nose.

I liked this story book. This is the ten little fingers and ten little toes book. I liked the whole book. I liked the artwork. The baby with the runny nose and eight babies laughing and hugging like this [hugs Baba 😄] are my favorite.

Can you now write 0 to say the story is finished?

- 0 -


I got a smiley face! 🌝

Ten Little Fingers and Ten Little Toes
by Mem Fox, artwork by Helen Oxenbury, is an amazing book if you wish to share it with your child or even if you want to read it yourself.

Friday, December 22, 2017

All About Water People
by Utkrishta Mulmi

Photographs by two famous photographers on the loose in New York. Rajendra Mulmi and Sagun Basnet. 

What do you mean fishes and turtles are not people? I am sure, they would say weeee are NOT people. So for the time being we will say all that live are peeeeple. And yesterday, my father sent me a bunch of photos and videos of these water people in an aquarium that he went to during his visit of the US.

Now don’t ask me where in the US. He was in DC, New York, Florida and other places also I bet, so the aquarium could have been anywhere.

Now back to the fish peeeeeple. The fishes that he shared with me were actually in their natural habitats. Remember the piranha experiment we did in Nepal?

When Pallav sir saw the photos and videos, he said well, we could do a little sharing with everyone and we had a great time looking at the photos and videos at school. In their natural habitats were the Piranha, Ranger fish, seahorse, ribboned sea dragon, starfish, shark, rays, emperor penguins, and stonefish.

Eena: Now talking about Piranhas, remember the Piranha study that we did at school? Our fish delivery guy gave us a fish saying that it was from a river in Nepal (not true) and it was very tasty. Pallav sir said, it belonged to the Piranha family. Utu researched the fish and said it was a Pacu to begin with. He was pretty sure so Pallav sir also said, lookie lookie, Pacu have human like teeth. So we all discussed about the Pacu in theory and then Pallav sir tried to open the fish’s mouth to show us the human teeth and got poked in the finger by the teeth which were really sharp. Pacu is supposed to have teeth like Utu (or us humans). So HIS Pacu turned out to be a Piranha, a close cousin and definitely a chicken burger loving, meat eating Piranha!

He had sent me exotic fishes of Australia and Rio Negro. Many of the ones from Australia Eena had not even seen and she was in Australia for many years.  We saw a white crocodile which was pretty cool. The sea horse was the size of a coke can, I wish I could ride a sea horse and go exploring in the deep. Or maybe like we could do a “He’ll be coming round the sea Mountain when he comes!” I could have like have a million sea horses pulling me about.

The ray fish were pretty like Batman. They went through the water so smoothly. Sharks were there but maybe they had lost their teeth, we did not see any on them. The ribbon sea dragons were all hiding because the water had turned off their fire. They would come out and play with the sea horses sometimes though.
The star fish were great and Baba and his friends were allowed to touch them and the sea anemone. They were not allowed to eat them though. And it was a great idea not to put the piranha in there because, I don’t think they would have followed the rules. More likely, they could have bitten my cousin brother Nibu as he dipped his finger in the water to touch the star fish and the anemone.

It was really nice of my father to send me those photos and share his experiences with us. We spent a couple of hours look and discussing and further researching what we watched.

All my friends want to say a big THANK YOOOOOOOU! Me also, of course.

Eena: Hello, sorry that we have woken you up in the middle of the night [That was Utu, instead of opening the file on Skype, he dialled his dad at 2 am]. But I just wanted to say thank you for sharing the videos and pictures with us, I liked seeing the corridor that had the glass ceiling with the rays ;-).

Vidheha: I liked the sharks, horsy fish, and penguins. Thank you for the video.

Shila: I liked the fish that was good at hide and seek, it’s called the sea dragon I learned.

Tina: I liked the starfish and I want to touch it as well some day.

Anita: Thank you. We enjoyed this class. I liked the seahorse very much.

Bishesh: I liked the Piranhas. I like eating them too. Thank you.

Me: hello and I want to come to America now! And I want to replace the girl in the penguin habitat when I come. I loved the rays and the sharks. 

Oh My Goodies!
Story of Anita Balami, a local restaurateur
by Eena Shrestha

We were all very very hungry and all we could see was a sea of trees, grass and rocks. Now we can’t eat that! And to make things worse, Pallav sir, Sabita didi and Bhagwati maam were talking about what to eat, where to eat, and what would be really hot, fresh, tasty. My mouth was watering at the thought of momos and chowmein and other meaty meats and I was asked about gwaramari, sel rotis, samosas and pakodas. Only asked, mind you. We were still driving away.

We had come back after a long time of walking and were starving. We saw the KC shop and the other tea houses and small eateries. The van sped on past them and Pallav sir kept saying no no no. And when he went yes yes yes, Bhagwati maam and Sabita didi would say no no no.

Now it was more hopeful. We were in Thaiba. And this was a township. He asked the driver to go through a smaller by way and pointed to another street and asked that the van be stopped. The van stopped and we got off in search for a place to eat. We would keep walking until we found someplace we liked, he said. The kids were waiting where the van had stopped while we, the olders were going through the street.

Far far away, we saw a glimmer of what we probably sought, we had struck a bonanza three shops next to each other! A dairy where they sold milk and tea and bakeries; a momo shop that sold meats like heads and feet of chicken (which I did not want) and momos and sekuwa fried meat and chowmein; and a samosa restaurant that had on display a big pot of cooking oil, samosas, pakodas and gwaramari and jeri and sel roti.

The gwaramari is something I love, so I wanted to go to the samosa restaurant… but Pallav sir had a different Idea and went to the dairy to find that they only sold tea, milk and bread so I hoped we would go back to the samosa restaurant but once again… nopes… we were left standing and talking and he went to the momo place from where he came out and asked if we wanted to eat chicken feet! I wanted to jump up and down because chicken feet disgusted me, I don’t want to eat the feet of anything because… just no, Nooooooo! Yup, it was right then that a pigeon pooped on the inside of Pallav sir’s glasses so he had to go into the samosa place we were standing at to get that cleaned!

Finally at the samosa restaurant, we try a gwaramari, it had been like 2 or 3 months since I’ve eaten one and it was great [By the way, I had 5 gwaramaris for breakfast this morning]. After eating the gwaramaris standing outside the shop, we washed our hands and went inside to have a seat. When I went in I also saw jeris I wanted to eat them but no one ordered jeri and that made me sad.

We then went on a eating spree: we then had pakodas, and then it was time for spicy chowmein and then we had samosa. Utu couldn’t eat the spicy chowmein so I got to eat more.

Then came our learning session. We had to interview the shopkeeper. I found out that her name is Anita. And of course that was more than a little interesting because Anita is also my friend at school and we went to an art exhibition where the artist was also Anita!

This Anita’s husband was Bishnu and she had two sons: Abim and Ashish. Anita was carrying her youngest son who was 19 months old. Her older son, who is nine years old helped out at the shop as I talked to her. He sold hot samosa and pakodas and took the money counted out the change and did very good business.

Soon, all the gwaramaris, samosas and pakodas were gone and another lady in the shop started making more as Anita talked to me and my friends. She told us that they had owned the show for seven years. Her husband Bishnu had been working as a waiter, helper, and cook at Indian food restaurants since he was 12. He started by washing dishes and used to get paid 300 Nepalese rupees per month.

Over the years of watching and learning, he became an accomplished cook. “We are famous around here,” he told us. Indeed, the gwaramaris, the pakodas, and the samosas that we had were great. For me, I would have liked them to be a little less spicy, especially the chunks of green chillies he had put in the samosa and pakodas were something to watch out for! But the others just loved their food hot in terms of freshly out of cooking oil and super spicy.

They make everything in the shop and there were many sweets and delicacies there also. I asked Abim what he liked best and he said that he likes the samosa, (chicken), and jeri the most. He is in grade 3 and just a year younger than me. It is wonderful how he balances helping out at the shop and going to Everest School.

Now let us talk about the food that they sell:

Gwaramari: Most of us Newars have happy memories of eating Gwaramari and warm milk or tea for breakfast during the chilly winter months. In fact, gwaramari wouldn’t taste half as good without some milk or tea. There is an art to eating this food. First of all, you select the largest gwaramari in the batch that’s in front of you so that no one else can have it. Then, you carefully break it in half and keep the other half where no one else can get at it. Then you eat the inside of the gwaramari until only the edges remain, it becomes a tiny makeshift bowl. You now scoop up milk or tea in that tiny bowl and eat it while still crunchy with milk or tea. In the Newari language ‘Gwara’ means round and ‘mari’ means bread so Gwaramari means round bread, exactly. To people who have tasted it and liked it, it is not just any normal bread but a very delicious one with a very different taste.

Sel Roti: Sel roti is very common and popular Nepali traditional bread made by people who live in the hills. Sel rotis are thinner in shape and larger in diameter than a normal donut. It’s made with rice flour, sugar, oils, fruit such as banana, and other stuff. Sel rotis taste AMAZING when it is fresh, it becomes slightly tough the next day, even though it still tastes good this way. Well, sel roti can last for months and months and was the main delicacy of Tihar, the festival of sweets so you can imagine that it super. Sel roti is made and eaten throughout Nepal in Tihar (Dipawali), during wedding parties and other special events as well. It is an important food in most Nepalese cultural and traditional events. In Nepali ‘Sel’ means donut shape and ‘roti’ means bread, Sel Roti is very enjoyable by itself, but can also be eaten with plain yogurt, tea, and milk.

Pakoda: In Sanskrit pakoda comes from the word pakvavata,  pakva meaning cooked and vata meaning small lump. The best pokodas have lots of vegetables held together by besan, or chickpea flour. It is important to deep fry it in oil and eat it while its crispy and hot. Onion, cabbages, spinach, cauliflower and other stuff can be in it and the best ones have less flour and more veggies. Healthy and often very spicy, pokodas are fun and warm you right up, especially your cheeks if you are feeling cold.

Samosa: The samosa is claimed to have been created in Arab countries such as Turkey and Egypt, where it is known as sambosa previous to the 10th century. Now thaaaat is ooooold. I wasn’t even born then. I have only been alive for a decade you know. Samosa comes from the Persian word sanbosag. The name of other baked goods in other countries can also come from this source, such as the arc sanbusak or sanbusaj in Arab, and samosa in India. It is triangularly shaped with wheat flour exterior that has some seeds. Inside is potatoes, beans, onions and spicy stuff. Lovely. The samosa is deep fried in boiling hot oil. It is yummy. And we were wondering how much more yummy if it were filled with chicken mince instead of potatoes!

Sweets: The Rajkarnikars are Newari, supposedly the original people of the Kathmandu Valley, which is the capital of Nepal. Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur are in the valley. The traditional Rajkarnikar occupation is making candy and sweets, known as "mithai" in Nepal. Although slowly falling in number, hundreds of Rajkarnikar sweet shops can still be found in the valley and in other cities and towns with traditional Newar communities. Some of the popular sweets from sweet shops are Jeri Swari, Puri, Burfi, Laddoo, Malpuwa, Halwa, Guwaramari!

Thursday, December 21, 2017

Skeletons, skeletons, skeletons
Assisted by Anita Bhattarai

I like science. At school we do experiments and research related to science. Right now, we are studying the bones of the human body. In order to do this, we have done different types of study and have started with the human arm.

Lesson 1: We looked at the pictures of the skeleton and a short video on Youtube. For some of the young ones, they had no idea that there were bones inside of us. We had done studies of insects and had talked about exo-skeleton and indo-skeleton, however, so the word had been used before.

Lesson 2: Next, we looked at the skeleton of a bird. We found a very well preserved skeleton of a bird when our school moved building and saved the sample. The skeleton had been lying on the window sill for some time and I think it is the skeleton of a pigeon. The bird skull, the leg, the rib cage are very clear and easy to learn from. We looked at this sample very carefully.

Lesson 3: Next, Utu was our volunteer and our live model. We drew the bones of the arm on him. He said that he felt very ticklish and we had a lot of laughs as he wiggled and giggled. We also labelled the names of the bones on him and all of us did a spelling study and test thereafter. It was really easy to think of the human bones once they were drawn on him and we learned a lot.

Lesson 4: After that, we sang the bone song which was very funny. While the song on Youtube was very simple and went, the head bone is connected to the backbone, the backbone was connected to the hip bone, the hip bone is connected to the leg bone… etc. We made a new song. We really should get about to learning the flute and keyboard notations to this song and adapting it into our music classes.

Bones, bones, bones of the arm
Bones, bones, bones of the arm
Bones, bones, fun bones of the arm
The scapula is connected to the acromion
The acromion is connected to the humerus
The humerus is connected to the capitulum
The capitulum is connected to the ulna
The ulna is the friend of the radius
Ulna and radius are connected to the carpals
The carpals are connected to the meta carpals
Meta carpals are connected to the phalanges

Phalanges are our finger bones
Bones, bones, bones of the arm
We have learned
Bones, bones, bones of the arm
We have learned the bones of the arm

Lesson 5: After the singing fun, we then looked at some x-rays. We learned who discovered the x-ray, it was Roetgen and our famous two time Nobel prize winning Marie Curie, who else, created mobile x-ray. We had just seen the French movie on this first woman to win the Nobel prize. Connecting things to each other is a lot of fun. Bones, songs, birds, scientists….

Lesson 6: We are also doing artwork and sketches of the bones. See what we have done. Even the small ones have done really good with their science studies and can generally connect what is where now. Utu pretty much knows all the bones and is reviewing while we on the other hand are just starting out.

As you can see, learning is a lot of fun at Spiny Babbler Evolution. I have to go now, our boxing teacher is here and I need to get my arm bones moving.